As part of the work of the Open Repair Alliance, we are building an open standard for the collection and sharing of open data on electronics repair. The goal of a standard is to make it easy to collect and share open data on electronics repair between many different groups.
The Open Repair Data Standard (ORDS) captures initial steps by Open Repair Alliance founding members in creating a shared approach towards collecting and openly sharing repair data about small electricals and electronics. This will allow us to identify trends and patterns globally, but also within countries and regions, by combining data from local events. For example, when we combine our data, we could identify the most recurrent failures and fixes of blenders brought to community repair events in the UK, across Europe and even globally.
The standard is currently being defined, with version 0.1 the latest released version. If you would like to contribute to future discussions of ORDS, please get in touch with us.
For version 0.1 we concentrated on standardising elements already captured by most members, prioritising areas where there is already convergence on, while leaving out other areas where more work is needed.
- The standard focuses on repairs of small electrical and electronic products
- It focuses on collecting information about 3 primary “modules”: Product Related; Repair Related; Session Related
- For each primary module, it explains what they are and identifies required fields/questions
- For each required field, the standard explains how to collect data in ways that make it easy to aggregate and compare
- The standard also identifies 4 additional modules for future work: Impact related; Repairer related; Participant related; Feedback related
- For these additional modules, there is no agreed question or requirements as of November 2017
- Data collected will be shared with an open Creative Commons license.
The primary modules are as follows:
- Product related: Information about the product/device that someone has attempted to fix. Required fields: Product category; Brand; Model; Year of Manufacture
- Repair related: Information about the attempted fix and its outcome. Required fields: Problem; Repair Status
- Session related: Information about when the repair took place and through which community repair group. Required fields: Group Indentifier; Date
Organisations and community groups willing to comply with the standard will be adopting it to collect data at the events they run, then publish it with monthly updates. The standard document also provides an example reference data file.
The Open Repair Alliance will be keeping a record of all datasets complying with the standard, published on the Open Repair Alliance’s website, allowing interested parties to access them.
The ORDS is evolving and some items are as yet unresolved. Some points for discussion for future versions:
- definition of fault types to categorise problem field (for key categories)
- should model be removed?
- definition of shared set of product categories and mappings
- definition of shared set of repair statuses and mappings
- addition of provider, language and country fields
If you would like would like to get involved in these discussions, please get in touch with us.